Plants need water to grow, but if there is too much water, it can be bad for the plant. Too much water can make the ground too wet and compact the soil so that there are no oxygen pores for the plant to survive.
The process of draining water on-site rather than relying on storm drain systems is beneficial because it prevents the storm drain system from becoming overwhelmed with water. Additionally, it reduces the number of pollutants that would otherwise end up in the water system by preventing water from running off of roofs and other built structures.
Here are some tips for managing your landscape’s excess water.
1) Build a Creek Bed
If you have a lot of water that flows through your property, you may want to consider building a creek bed. This will help to manage the water and prevent it from causing damage to your property.
Your streambed needs to be sloped so the water will flow. Place large rocks along the edge of the streambed and fill the bottom with smaller rocks, gravel, or pebbles. Make the stream look natural by adding curves and varying the width, as well as the size, shape, and color of the rocks. Plant some greenery along the edge of the streambed.
2) Create a Drain System
You can also build a drain system to help with stormwater management. This involves digging a trench and filling it with gravel. The trench should be at least 3 feet deep and 2 feet wide.
A French drain is a surface-level drainage system that consists of a grate connected to perforated piping. The piping is installed in a ditch, and the water moves through the piping and exits through the holes in the piping. The ditch is then covered with gravel or rocks to help with water filtration.
3) Build an Above Ground Drainage Channel
Also known as a rain garden or a “swale,” this is a garden that is specifically designed to absorb water that runs off of impermeable surfaces, such as roofs and driveways. By keeping the water aboveground, rain gardens help to prevent soil erosion and expose the water to sunlight, which helps to improve water quality.
A swale is a great way to add interest to your landscape while also providing a functional element. Swales can help with water drainage and can also be used to help percolate water back into the ground to improve water quality.
4) Create a Bog Garden
Bog gardens are gardens that are specifically designed to mimic a natural wetland ecosystem. They are especially helpful for those who have very soggy soil that does not drain well. Be sure to do your research before you decide to create a bog garden to make sure that it will be a good fit for your property.
5) Consider Getting a Pond
If you have the space on your property, consider building a pond. Ponds are great for providing a home for wildlife, such as frogs and birds. They can also be beautiful additions to your landscape.
There are many ways to make your landscaping more water-efficient. Consider using drought-tolerant plants, installing a rain barrel, or creating a bog garden. By following these tips, you can help save water and money on your landscaping.
DSLD Land Management can help you manage your outdoor water systems more effectively. We are a team of landscape contractors in Birmingham, AL that will work with you to create a better garden. Get in touch with us today to learn how.